Model Railway Signal Project
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Model Railway Signal Project (PDF)
A magnet under the train operates reed switches positioned on the track.
The first reed switch changes the signal to red as the train passes, then further
along the track a second reed switch changes the signal back to green ready for
the next train. The isolated section of track just in front of the signal is
switched off by the relay when the signal is red so a train will stop
automatically at the red signal.
This project uses a
555 bistable circuit.
resistors: 1k ×2, 33k ×2
red LED (3mm best)
green LED (3mm best)
555 timer IC
8-pin DIL socket for IC
reed switch ×2
relay SPCO 12V coil
miniature magnet - each locomotive needs one
stripboard 11 rows × 24 holes
Connect the reed switches to push-switches A and B (see the stripboard layout).
The switches can be held in place between the rails with a small piece of blu tac.
Connect the track wires to the COM and NC contacts of the relay.
When soldering to the track make sure you solder to the
outside of the rail. Each locomotive will need a miniature magnet glued to its underside - test first
with blu tac, but superglue is probably best once you are sure it is in the correct position.
Note that UK railway signals have red at the bottom, unlike UK road traffic lights
where red is at the top.
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