If you are building a published project the type of circuit board will usually have been decided for you.
Stripboard and PCB (Printed Circuit Board) require soldering.
Breadboard is used for temporary circuits.
Permanent circuits, requires soldering.
Identify components and read their values.
Learn how to solder.
Photo © Rapid Electronics
stock a wide range of components, tools and materials for electronics. I am very happy to recommend them as a supplier.
Suggestions of what components to buy and how to organise their storage.
Kits are available.
How circuits work.